» Northern Region is dominated by freshwater fish ponds, rice-cum-fish and marine cage culture.
» Central Region concentrates on the intensive culture of giant tiger prawn and the marine cage culture of fin fish or lobster.
» Southern Region has the most diversified farming activities that include pond, fence and cage culture of catfish as well as several indigenous species such as snakehead fish and climbing perch and giant river prawn, various intensification levels of shrimp culture and integrated culture such as rice-cum-fish, rice-cum-prawn and mangrove-cum-aquaculture.
Key aquaculture sectors include pangasius, shrimp, tilapia and increasingly also bivalves and marine fishes such as cobia, seabass and grouper. Aquaculture is concentrated in the Mekong River Delta provinces – accounting for around 75% and 80% respectively of the total national pangasius and shrimp production.
Aquaculture Production by Region 2015p (tonnes)
Vietnam has a large potential for aquaculture with a total water surface area estimated above 1.7 million hectares, of which about 1 million hectares has now been exploited for aquaculture.
Water Surface Area for Aquaculture 2015p (‘000ha)